25 June 2021
The advantages for yourself and the planet of moving to a plant based vegan diet
A vegan diet contains only plants (such as vegetables, grains, nuts and fruits) and foods made from plants. Vegans do not eat foods that come from animals, including dairy products and eggs.
More than 25% of total global emissions come from the food system and today’s research shows there are three changes to diet that would dramatically reduce the impact of the food we eat:
Move to a mostly plant-based diet.
Eat everything you buy.
Eat healthy amounts.
Carbon emissions comparison of a variety of foods (source: How Bad Are Bananas)
100g portion of carrots – local, in season 28g CO2e
An apple – local, in season 32g CO2e
An apple – shipped, seasonal 80g CO2e
A loaf of bread – 800g transported extensively by road 1kg CO2e
Box of 6 large eggs 2kg CO2e
30g mixed nuts 15.6g CO2e
80g lentils or chickpeas 54g CO2e
100g pork, bacon or ham 1.9kg CO2e
Healthy eating as a vegan recommended by NHS
You can get most of the nutrients you need from eating a varied and balanced vegan diet.
For a healthy vegan diet:
eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day
base meals on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates (choose wholegrain where possible)
have some dairy alternatives, such as soya drinks and yoghurts (choose lower-fat and lower-sugar options)
eat some beans, pulses and other proteins
choose unsaturated oils and spreads, and eat in small amounts
drink plenty of fluids (the government recommends 6 to 8 cups or glasses a day)